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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 27, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news." rajini: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm rajini vaidyanathan. 's parliament votes for independence. the spanish government strikes back, sacking the catalan leader and his cabinet. 'scould one of these prototypes become the wall between the u.s. and mexico? >> for the next one to two months from what they will do is try to smash their way through them, climbed over them, and tunnel underneath. and stranded at sea for
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five months, two american women and the dogs are rescued after an adventure went off course. rajini: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe tonight, spain is a country in political chaos after a constitutional crisis came to a head. after weeks of buildup, catalonia's regional parliament voted for independence, then the government in madrid called for direct authority to be imposed, and spanish prime minister mario 40 dissolved the dutch mariano rajoy dissolved the catalan parliament and sacked their leader and called for a referendum in december. >> si. si. si.
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katya: one by one, the yes votes were counted, celebrated, relished by the delirious pro-independence crowd. the catalan parliament finally after weeks -- some say years -- avoiding, voted for -- of waiting, voted for separation from spain. >> it has to be today. katya: and today it was. ♪ katya: all about here, catalans are singing the national anthem, the national anthem they now believe is for an independent republic separate from the spanish state. there are so many questions. what will the spanish government now do? this crowd wants to celebrate. >> it is a long time we are waiting for this moment.
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>> i am crying! katya: are you happy? >> very. katya: but anxiety soon spread amongst all the euphoria, as is next began to weigh heavy on people's minds. a catalan republic had been declared, but not in everyone's name. many here don't want independence. just around the corner, we found this man waving a spanish flag. >> i am not happy, i'm not represented. the catalan people as a whole didn't vote. >> it is disasters, the result of an extended manipulation which does not reflect the will of the catalan people. katya: but nothing today was going to stop the catalan president from savoring his moment in history. parliament, hen spoke of his emotions, but also of his conviction that declaring catalan independence was the
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right thing to do, the legitimate thing to do, he says. hardly the view of the spanish government in madrid, which is fuming. the public prosecutor here says he will be filing charges of rebellion against the catalan president. at the very same time the catalan parliament voted on independence today, the spanish senate gave the green light to mariano rajoy's government to leadership andn bring the reins of power back to madrid. this is the first time in modern spanish history that one of the country's autonomous regions has had its powers stripped away. tonight, after an emergency cabinet meeting, the spanish prime minister explain why. law.rmality starts with in order to return institutional
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legitimacy and give a voice to all catalans, i've dissolved the catalan parliament in order to hold regional elections on the 21st of december. dida: but what mr. rajoy not expend is how we intend to impose direct rule on the thousands of catalans who rejected. independence supporters in barcelona are celebrating with abandon, a new republic with no power and little recognition, dancing at the edge of a precipice. katya adler, bbc news, barcelona. rajini: for more on the fallout from this crisis come i spoke a brief time ago with at connelly, who formerly served in the u.s. state department and now is at the center for strategic and international studies. prime minister mariano rajoy says he wants to restore normality. how does he do that?
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>> there's nothing normal about what happened over the last 24 hours. spain is in its greatest constitutional crisis, and with andcatalan parliament announcing the process to begin a declaration we are far from normal. what we will see the next few days is how in fact the spanish government will dissolve this parliament, sacking both the catalonia asce in well as the members of parliament and president puigdemont, will he meet with resistance when they try to physically remove these individuals? rajini: before some thousands of people out on the streets across the region. what kind of reaction might here be from people in spain and catalonia? s are deeplyalan divided over whether independence is the right thing. you had people celebrating the announcement of the parliament of the declaration of independence. you had others protesting this
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declaration. we had reports of the catalan radio services, protesters breaking into it. this is a deeply divided society, and we don't know what happens next. there is deep uncertainty. economically, we have to be very cautious. the spanish stock market dropped today. you have catalonia with such an important role in the spanish economy. it is clear there will be an economic impact. rajini: the spanish prime minister is promising another election in december. what might happen then? heather: very unclear. when the spanish government imposes its will on the police forces, parliament, it won't feel as if it is completely a free and fair election for those in catalonia who believe they had their rights being suppressed. however, this will also be an opportunity to see if there is in fact any different outcomes. catalonia has got to elections three times in the last several years and have built up to this
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position. it is unclear whether there will be a difference on december 21, but it will be deeply divisive and very emotional. rajini: let's talk about the global response. no other nation recognizes catalonia as a sovereign state right now. interesting comments from the eu in particular. how do you assess the global reaction so far? >> so far eu member states and the united states are calling for unity. some are calling for societal dialogue to defuse the crisis. every nation that has publicly stated they support stain's unit -- spain's unity, i think that the statements may start to more urgently call for dialogue if we see, and we hope not, any caps on violence -- any types of the violence beginning to unfold. for now, the integrity and unity of spain is what every government is calling for. good toheather conley,
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have you with us. next, it was one of donald trump's loudest promises on the campaign trail, but now the wall on the border with mexico has taken a step closer to reality. 8 prototypes have been unveiled in california, but the project still faces challenges. democrats stand against it and even republicans say they won't fund it. james cook sends us this report. james: it is not exactly miss universe, but this is donald trump's latest beauty contest. these 8 giant dominoes are competing for the right to wall off the united states and mexico. there is no sign of the solar panels the president said my power and finance his wall. instead, concrete and steel are the main components. agentsder patrol insisted the designs are innovative. >> what we have done here is partner with industry for them to use their creativity and
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ingenuity to come up with new, creative designs. i've been a border patrol agent everywhere weand have been can one we put up these structures come we have seen a decline in arrests. james: heather the prototypes are finished and they would -- now that the prototypes are finished, they want to leave them for 30 days to sit, and then they will try to test them. it will smash their way through them, climb over them, and tunnel underneath. mexican cartels have been doing that for years. they have smuggled a vast quantities of drugs into california, and in no wall will quench america's for asia's thirst for -- america's voracious thirst for narcotics. i'm six or seven stories underground. my head slightly, but it is a reasonable amount of room.
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off,one has been sealed but somewhere down below, burrowing continues. >> just to get tunnels from what does it involve? and involves rail systems, ventilation. james: how lucrative and operation is being run through these tunnels? >> we estimate expenses between $1 million and $2 million for the construction. it is very expensive to build. however, the amount of product that comes through it one time can pay for that. james: what for many americans, securing this quarter is about economic nationalism, and for many mexicans desperate for a better life in the united states, it is a challenge. >> it is a very ugly wall. and even if they build it, the immigrants keep crossing to the other side. what they are promising is more death. other will look for places, which will be more dangerous. james: the promise to build that
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wall propel the donald trump to power, but he is nowhere near persuading congress to actually fund the barrier. his critics say it is not a beauty contest, but a vanity project. james cook, bbc news come on the u.s.-mexico border. rajini: after great anticipation, thousands more documents related to the assassination of president john f. kennedy have been released, but there are some we will need to wait longer for due to concerns from the intelligence community. nick bryant reports. it appears as though something is happening in the motorcade -- nick: something terrible had indeed happen, and from the moments afterwards to the modern-day, it is a subject of fascination and dispute. >> the president of the united states is dead. nick: as the grieving began, so did the investigation into the
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harvey oswald, the long gun man, according to the official explanation. the newly declassified documents reveal warnings from the fbi to the dallas police that he, too, might be murdered. some he wasrds, for shot and left to die, inspiring conspiracy theories that he had been silence, and that his killer, jack ruby, had my connections. from j edgar hoover, a rush to the thing i am concerned about is having something issued so we can convince the public that all small is the real assassin." 25 minutes after john f. kennedy's debt can even as his motorcade was making its way through the streets of dallas, the documents reveal that there was an anonymous call to the cambridge newspaper that big news was and the offing. >> i don't remember what
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happened at the time, 1963, but it may well be that it was a crank call that had nothing to do with reality. nick: part of a conspiracy, or simply a coincidence? many of the documents add to the confusion. it has not yet proven to be quite a treasure trove that jfk scholars were hoping for. the crown jewels, the most classified materials, are being held under lock and key at the national archives in the following last-minute interventions by the cia and fbi. president trump wants those released over the next six months. it is more than half a century since kennedy was laid to rest, but the conspiracy theories are very much alive, and that will continue while bashar to secrecy still clip -- while a shroud of secrecy close this traumatic event. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. rajini: you are watching "bbc world news america."
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still to come on tonight's program, he is a gold star father who tangled with donald trump. tonight can we speak with khizr khan about his unwavering faith in america. australia's high court has ruled that the deputy prime minister, barnaby joyce, should be disqualified from office because he held dual citizenship when elected. 4 other politicians have been ruled ineligible. this report from sydney. reporter: in the funny too,-ignorance- end,, ignorance cannot save most of australia's citizenship seven. two of national --they do not know they were dual nationals, then in the constitution, but they were ruled not eligible to sit in parliament. barnaby joyce's
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disqualification has cost the center-right government it's majority. >> it is a tough game, politics. you dedicate so much time to it, and you take the hits. we all buy the ticket, we know the risks. iw i'm going to make sure don't -- reporter: it is an embarrassment for the government come to the fallout could be worse than a red face. despite losing his deputy, the prime minister says he will soldier on. >> the decision of the court today is not the outcome we were hoping for, but the business of government goes on. these provisions are unlikely to be altered anytime soon, even though they seem
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outdated in such a multicultural country. academics believe change is a necessary. they insist that australia's dual citizenship crisis could have been avoided had political parties thoroughly vetted their candidates. bbc news, sydney. rajini: before last year's democratic national convention, few have heard of khizr khan or his son's story of service. but after an impassioned speech led to a public feud with donald trump, mr. khan was thrust in the spotlight. now he has written a new book, "an american family." earlier today, i sat down with him and got his take on the recent row between president trump and the widow of one of the soldiers who died in niger. mr. khan: i'm saddened by the
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critical expediency that this sad, tragic moment, which should be dignified and privacy and restraint should be the call of the day, that you extend the courtesy, condolence, and dignity to the family, and you provide them privacy so they can grieve and be stronger, instead of making it so public for the purpose of political expediency, nothing else. just for that purpose. that saddens me. the behavior of the president is just notsers right. that is not the way america treats its gold star family's. let me ask you, have you even read the united states constitution? rajini: you turned the memory of
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your son into our cause, in a way, after he spoke at the dnc. you have written a book now. why did you decide to go so public? obviously, you gave that convention speech, but to write a book about it as well? mr. khan: we were at charlotte airport. a couple approached us. "there are so many questions people want to know. i don't you write a book -- why don't you write a book to answer those questions?" the thought was placed in our mind. we discussed and talked about there was a lot of exposing of our personal matters and private life and all. but then this sentiment of being grateful to the blessings, to the goodness, to the dignities that we have received, it will be appropriate to show the spirit of immigration, what brought us here, what has kept
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us here. i really passionately remember and really clearly and vividly remember that moment when i became a citizen of the united becausehow i entered, the environment where i grew up, country where i grew up, i did -- have all these freedoms freedom of speech, freedom to especially self, freedom to protest, freedom of religion. i did not have all of that. thesehout having dignities, i take the oath of citizenship, a piece of paper is given to me. thate rest of the world, may bps of paper, but that meant so much to me. rajini: how do you feel about the current discussion of immigration? mr. khan: we find ourselves in the debate because of the incompetency of policymakers. bring so many people from this
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country, people with these qualifications to fulfill these jobs. this chaos can be overcome i have immigration policy. so criticizing all vulnerable tomunity that contributes this nation -- most immigrants are contributing members of the community and society -- that is proof of the incompetency of the policymakers. rajini: with all the talk of immigration changes and travel bans, what you see as today's american dream? mr. khan: this administration, this trump administration, this anomaly that has taken place in the life of the united states. we celebrated 230 years of the constitution of the united states, bill of rights, our constitution, our rule of law will prevail. this is an anomaly. it has happened in the life of the united states before as well
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. that time has passed. i don't give much credence to this moment of difficulty. it is a moment of concern, it is a moment of difficulty, but this will pass. rajini: and all of this book is written in honor of your son. what do you think he would've made of all of this? mr. khan: well, i think he would be very proud, because this was done in the spirit of captain humayun khan, which he had written an article in college and the title was " democracy requires vigilance and sacrifice." apply that to today -- the attack on democracy, democratic values, rule of law, vulnerable communities of immigrants throughout the united states. it requires vigilance, by speaking, by writing and by
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standing with one another, we are being vigilant that we will not let anybody malign our basic values. rajini: khizr khan speaking to me earlier. americane story of 2 women who got way more than they bargained for when they set out to sail from hawaii to haiti. instead, they spent nearly five months adrift in the pacific ocean when the engine on their small boat failed. luckily, they along with their 2 dogs were rescued went fishing vessel alerted authorities. reporter: stranded in the pacific ocean, the crew of this sailing boat expected to be kcd. but months after losing power, it was the u.s. navy that they were delighted to welcome. 2american women and their dogs were finally say. joy to the rescuers. they had survived for five
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months after the engine failed in a storm en route from hawaii to tahiti. they decided to continue the 2000-mile journey, and became lost in the vastness of the pacific. a fishing boat finally saw them 900 miles off the coast of japan, and raised the alarm. the women and their dogs had a water purifier, and survive on a years supply of dry goods such as oats, pasta, and rice. the u.s. navy released these pictures as they were taken aboard, and said that sale is issued distress signals every day for the past 90 days, but they were too far from any land or ships to depict up. when they finally saw their rescuers on the horizon, the women said they felt purely. they and their dogs appeared healthy and nourished, no doubt all looking forward to getting their feet and paws back on dry land.
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and that uplifting story ends this program. i am rajini vaidyanathan. thanks so much for watching "bbc world news america." have a very good weekend. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: hbo executive sheila nevins opens up about her experience with sexual harassment, adding her voice to the choir of women acknowledging "me too." >> it's time women get together and say, enough. if it happened to you, it happened to me, ithappened to her. it's not going to happen to my daughter. >> woodruff: also ahead, jeffrey brown goes to mississippi to talk with award-winning author jesmyn ward about how her home and family influence her fiction. >> i was very conscious that my mom cleaned houses like this for a living. and that historically, i knew people like me didn't i


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